News from Elephant, Lion and Rhino research at Kariega!

Posted by WorkingAbroad Projects on Friday, 10th October 2014

Seasons have changed and we are now officially in Spring. This means rain and warmer days. No matter what the weather was like, this month was an action packed one on Kariega Game Reserve.

Lioness Amongst the Grass

Lion Prey Study

Our volunteers enjoyed great lion sightings this month, including the pride feeding on black wildebeest and bushpig. We were also very lucky to see a male lion mating with a female twice. Fingers crossed, we hope there will be cubs soon. Lions have a gestation period of 3½ months. Mating for lions is a very intense affair. They will mate every 20 minutes for 4 days and nights with each lasting approximately one minute. 

Elephant Impact 

We were very excited to welcome two baby elephants at Kariega this month. Both our matriarch and another cow (who is part of the same herd) have newborns at the moment. It is always very special to see the little ones hiding and walking between the mothers’ legs, with the mothers being so proud and protective.  

Newborn Elephant and Mother at Kariega

Rhino Spatial Movement

We were delighted to see yet another newborn – this time a baby white rhino! Almost a month after one of the white rhinoceros cow’s calf was relocated; she gave birth to another calf. This is great news for all 

of us.  As mentioned in previous newsletters, due to the constant danger of poaching attacks, we are unable to disclose more information about our rhino movement monitoring project. Just know that our volunteers are doing great work in this area!  

Camera Traps

At this stage we have two working camera traps and we hope to be getting some more soon. We did come across some interesting footage including: two porcupines together in one photo, a small spotted genet, mongoose, caracal, black backed jackal, bushbuck, black and white rhino and brown hyena. The volunteers were very excited to see a brown hyena on one of our night drives too. We followed it for some distance before it went into the thicket. They are very skittish and we were very lucky to have seen it.

Alien Invasive Species and Vegetation Management

During September the Kariega Volunteers started a small plant nursery for the gardens around the Kariega lodges. This consists of indigenous plants from the reserve including Euphorbia, Pork bush, Arum lilies and other flower ball plants. The volunteers carefully dug up the plants and replanted them in nursery black bags. 

We also planted about 359 Pork bush cuttings on the reserve in areas that need to be rehabilitated and where there is mostly bare soil.  The Kariega Volunteers also helped to get rid of more alien invasive species and chopped down 115 Pine trees of various sizes. 

Volunteers set up a Camera TrapMaintenance on Kariega Game Reserve

The volunteers helped to remove old fence poles and fence pieces on the reserve, particularly in the  Harvestvale section. This was no easy task, especially as the soil was really hard (spring rains had not yet arrived). It was a rewarding job and we enjoyed seeing the poles in a heap, ready to be loaded and used again for a different purpose.

We had some rain in late September which has caused the bush to grow fast again. The volunteers helped with road maintenance and clearing too this month.

Game Captures and Releases

The volunteers were really fortunate to participate in numerous game captures and releases during September. They also attended a rhino dart and relocation. Unfortunately we cannot elaborate further on this activity for safety reasons.

The highlight of the month was witnessing the introduction of elephants onto a remote section of the reserve called Harvestvale. It was extremely special for all of us to be part of this event. Harvestvale is a pristine piece of land which has had very limited human interference. Although elephants roamed freely in this area a long time ago there have been no elephants on this land for about 100 years. Previously the Eastern Cape had the highest concentration of elephants in Africa. One can therefore imagine what a goose-bump moment this was seeing elephants back on this piece of ground.Elephants being introduced into Harvestvale

Another game capture activity that the volunteers assisted with was the capturing of Nyala ewes. The vet, Dr William Fowlds, darted the ewes with a tranquilizer which contained a tracker as well. After the darting the ewes all ran away to hide in the thicket and the volunteers had to track them with telemetry. We carried the animals out of the thickets so that the assistant vets could give them a check-up and administer any necessary treatments. They were then loaded into a transport crate and translocated to a boma (animal enclosure).

 Click here to find out more about how to become a wildlife volunteer at the Kariega Big Five Game Reserve.

By Megan Smith, WorkingAbroad team

Author: WorkingAbroad Projects

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