At IPBio we study the biodiversity of the Atlantic Forest. Below we have listed the research roles that require an education in biology or a related field namely research on: bioluminescent mushrooms, amphibians and bioacoustics.
Bioluminescent Mushrooms: There are approximately 100 species of bioluminescent mushrooms in the world and Iporanga holds 16 species making it the region with the highest concentration of bioluminescent mushrooms in the world. IPBio wishes to develop a protocol that allows us to grow them in the lab under controlled conditions. Our cultivation program conducts experiments on: substrate compositions, sterilization method, inoculation method, and fruiting techniques to optimize the process of cultivation. A volunteer contributed to find 7 new species of bioluminescent mushroom on our reserve.
Bioacoustics Research: IPBio received a grant from Wildlife Acoustics whereby they donated 2 bioacoustics recorders and software to analyze the data. IPBio is attempting to understand peak activity times for different species throughout the 24 hours in a day. This study will be conducted over the years to develop monthly/seasonal peak activity period for species. In addition, IPBio wishes to create a “sound bank” of all the species on the reserve.
Amphibian Research: IPBio conducts research on amphibian ethology, embryology and fungus (like Bd) that affect frogs. Volunteers accompany the development of tadpoles and frogs in captivity. In addition, from November to February, IPBio conducts regular inventories of amphibians using pitfalls that are distributed throughout the reserve which requires hiking.