Useful Information about Peru
Did you know that Peru is one of the 17 mega-diverse countries on earth? The country holds more than 20,375 species of flora, 523 mammals, 1847 birds, 624 amphibians, 2145 species of fish, and 4000 species of butterflies. The vast majority can be experienced in the Amazon rainforest, which include several primate species such as Howler monkeys, Capuchins and Spider monkeys, anteaters, tapir, giant river otters, peccary, macaws and the rare Harpy Eagle, numerous snake and frog species, as well as cat species such as the jaguar, puma and ocelot.
Puerto Maldonado, the entry point to the Amazon rainforest, is located in the south-eastern part of Peru in the Madre de Dios region close to the border of Bolivia and Brazil. It is the provincial capital of Madre de Dios, which has been recognised by the Peruvian Congress as the Biodiversity Capital of Peru. Madre de Dios borders the Cusco region and consist almost entirely of lowland Amazon rainforest, making it the biodiversity capital of Peru containing the largest percentage of endemic plants and animals in the world.
The Amazon rainforest
The Medicinal Plant Research project is located within the Tampopata province, which is centred through the region, with the Tahuamanu to the north and Manu province to the south. The protected areas at the centre of the project’s research are the Tambopata National Reserve (TNR) and Bahuaja Sonene National Park (BSNP), together protecting an area of 1.3 million hectares of rainforest and home to IUCN Red List Threatened Species such as the Giant river otter, Neotropical otter, Pacarana, Giant armadillo, Harpy eagle and Blue-headed macaw.
The dry season is from April to October, but for the more tropical locations such as Puerto Maldonado and the Amazon rainforest, this comes with hot and humid temperatures usually reaching 30 degrees on average. It is a good time of year to visit the jungle with fewer mosquitoes, lower rivers exposing the beaches, to witness animals at close range and see various species nesting.
Did you know that during the dry season (June/July), you can experience the ‘El Friaje’ weather phenomenon even in the rainforest making the temperatures drop all the way to 10-15 degrees Celsius during the day due to the cold fronts from the South Atlantic?
From November to March is the rainy season, which means still hot and humid weather, but heavy rains at any time, in particular during December and January. These usually only lasts for a few hours at a time but can cause roads and jungle trails to become flooded.
You can read more about Peru, its history, geography and sights on our country page here.